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Ordained in 2011, Father Friel served for five years as Parochial Vicar at St. Anselm Parish in Northeast Philly. He is currently studying toward a doctorate in liturgical theology at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C.
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Legitimate and necessary concern for current realities in the concrete lives of people cannot make us forget the true nature of the liturgical actions. It is clear that the Mass is not the time to “celebrate” human dignity or purely terrestrial claims or hopes. It is rather the sacrifice which renders Christ really present in the sacrament.
— Pope Saint John Paul II (20 March 1990)

The Turns at Benediction
published 8 April 2018 by Fr. David Friel

HEN giving benediction, the question sometimes arises among clerics of which direction to turn when lifting the monstrance from the altar and returning it there. The question does not apply when benediction is given while standing behind the altar, as is commonly done nowadays. Standing before the altar, however, raises the question of whether the presiding cleric should turn to his left or his right at two points: 1) when lifting the monstrance from the tabor, and 2) when replacing the monstrance upon the tabor.

Recently, I was interested to learn that O’Connell and Schmitz address this question directly in their Book of Ceremonies. With respect to the first turn, the correct method is always to approach the altar, lift the monstrance, and turn to the right.

For the second turn, O’Connell and Schmitz use a footnote to describe three potential methods, giving priority to the first:

There are three approved ways of placing the monstrance back on the altar after the Blessing. The most acceptable way—when the C[elebrant] is assisted by the D[eacon] or priest—is given above [to turn left to the altar after having given the blessing]. . . . Another accepted way is to place the monstrance on the altar immediately after completing the first swing to the right, i.e., to complete the circle as at the Orate, fratres. A third acceptable way is to return the monstrance to the center before the breast, after having completed the first swing to the right, pause momentarily, then turn right again, and place it on the altar. 1

In the Philadelphia area, we have a local custom of appending a short, devotional prayer to the end of the Divine Praises recited at benediction. The prayer is as follows:

May the heart of Jesus, in the Most Blessed Sacrament, be praised, adored, and loved at every moment, in all the tabernacles of the world, even until the end of time!


1   Laurence J. O’Connell and Walter J. Schmitz, The Book of Ceremonies, rev. ed. (Milwaukee: Bruce, 1956), 377, footnote 68.